While the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) often discourages the marketing of vaping technology as a smoking cessation tool, new statistics indicate that e-cigs can be up to 52 percent effective in helping smokers quit long-term. The vaping study was conducted and published by a joint team of scientists from two American scholastic institutions. Top scholars from both the Rutgers School of Public Health and the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health took part.
The resulting report with its associated scientific conclusions is being touted as the first of its kind to document the success rates of electronic cigarettes in helping users overcome tobacco addiction. The study entitled Prevalence of population smoking cessation by electronic cigarette use status in a national sample of recent smokers is available via the online medical journal Addictive Behaviors.
Overview of the Columbia/ Rutgers vaping research
The scientists began by compiling data from a 2015 National Health Interview Survey consisting of a select group of 15,000 associated participants. From this larger group, participants were recategorized based on specific criteria.
- Participants were required to be either current or former smokers who had smoked sometime after 2010.
- 2010 was the year when the vaping phenomenon really began to hit its stride in American and worldwide, and, therefore, the threshold date for the vaping study.
- 22 percent of the participants were identified
to be former smokers.
- They identified as having smoked at least 100 tobacco cigarettes since 2010.
- They identified as having quit smoking within the previous four years.
- They identified as currently smoking “not at all.”
- The scientists monitored the related desire levels of vaping for each participant.
- They also monitored the participants’ associated daily vaping habits.
- The researchers also documented all previous attempts to quit smoking for each participant.
- All histories of engagement with other nicotine replacement therapies (NRTs) such as “the patch” or nicotine gums were also recorded.
- The scientists also documented any other
possible considerations which might jeopardize the participants’ abilities to
quit smoking, such as:
- Medical health issues
- Mental health issues
- Stress and anxiety disorders
- Geographic variables
- Age, gender, race, and other demographics
- Documentation of immediate family members with histories of vaping or smoking
What the Columbia/Rutgers research team discovered is that smokers who transition to become daily vapers are three times more likely to quit smoking long-term than those who use other NRTs or the cold-turkey method. Those who make the switch to vaping also have a potential success rate of up to 52 percent on average.